A few contemporary scholars place the end of the Islamic Golden Age as late as the end of western civilization textbook 9th edition pdf to 16th centuries. 1868 observed that the most beautiful mosques of Damascus were “like Mohammedanism itself, now rapidly decaying” and relics of “the golden age of Islam”.
There is no unambiguous definition of term, and depending on whether it is used with a focus on cultural or on military achievement, it may be taken to refer to rather disparate time spans. 8th or the 12th to early 13th centuries. Definitions may still vary considerably. Muslims of this age in their search for knowledge and the development of the body of science. The Islamic Empire heavily patronized scholars. During this period, the Muslims showed a strong interest in assimilating the scientific knowledge of the civilizations that had been conquered. Arabic and Persian, and later in turn translated into Turkish, Hebrew, and Latin.
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