Please textbook of preventive medicine pdf this error screen to 193. Both MLV and inactivated vaccines decrease abortion risk. Regardless of potential risk, the overall effect of using MLV vaccines was associated with a protective effect against abortion. Bovine herpesvirus 1 is ubiquitous in cattle populations and is the cause of several clinical syndromes including respiratory disease, genital disease, and late-term abortions.
Control of the virus in many parts of the world is achieved primarily through vaccination with either inactivated or modified-live viral vaccines. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the cumulative efficacy of BoHV-1 vaccination to prevent abortion in pregnant cattle. Germane articles for inclusion in the analysis were identified through four online scientific databases and the examination of three review and ten primary study article reference lists. A total of 15 studies in 10 manuscripts involving over 7500 animals were included in the meta-analysis. Risk ratio effect sizes were used in random effects, weighted meta-analyses to assess the impact of vaccination. Subgroup analyses were performed based on type of vaccine, MLV or inactivated, and the type of disease challenge, experimentally induced compared to field studies. The greatest decrease in abortion risk was seen in studies with intentional viral challenge although vaccination also decreased abortion risk in field studies.
Both inactivated and modified-live viral vaccines decreased abortion risk. This meta-analysis provides quantitative support for the benefit of bovine herpesvirus 1 vaccination in the prevention of abortion. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. From 2012 through 2014, the team conducted and analyzed data from an environmental scan, key informant interviews, and focus groups to inform the development of an HIT-enabled tool for SCD patients’ use during care transitions. The scan included searches of peer-reviewed and gray literature to understand SCD patient needs, transition concerns, and best practices in mobile health applications, and searches of websites and online stores to identify existing transition tools and their features.
ED was also where transitions from pediatric to adult care usually occurred. Patients felt they were not taken seriously by unfamiliar ED providers, and their inability to convey their diagnosis, pain regimen, and detailed medical history while in significant pain hindered care. The environmental scan did not reveal an existing suitable transition tool, but patients, parents, providers, and IT experts saw the potential and appeal of creating a tool to meet ED health information needs to improve care transitions. This article is part of the supplement issue titled Developing a Unified Approach for Sickle Cell Disease. Enter your login details below. The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years.
To calculate the five year Impact Factor, citations are counted in 2016 to the previous five years and divided by the source items published in the previous five years. SNIP measures contextual citation impact by weighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. SJR is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. Publishing your article with us has many benefits, such as having access to a personal dashboard: citation and usage data on your publications in one place.
This free service is available to anyone who has published and whose publication is in Scopus. It will favor insightful observational studies, thoughtful explorations of health data, unsuspected new angles for existing hypotheses, robust randomized controlled trials, and impartial systematic reviews. Making the most of natural experiments: What can studies of the withdrawal of public health interventions offer? 24years in England a cause for concern? The most downloaded articles from Preventive Medicine in the last 90 days. The latest Open Access articles published in Preventive Medicine. Elsevier publishing quality peer reviewed research across all disciplines.
Below is a recent list of 2017 articles that have had the most social media attention. The Plum Print next to each article shows the relative activity in each of these categories of metrics: Captures, Mentions, Social Media and Citations. Vegetarian diet and all-cause mortality: Evidence from a large population-based Australian cohort – the 45 and Up Study. Physical activity and telomere length in U. Medication coverage for lawmakers may worsen access for everyone else. Special issues published in Preventive Medicine.